Indicators

Total greenhouse gas emissions (excluding land-use change and forestry) (mtCO₂e)

DriversEnvironment and climate change
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Gini index

DriversIncome growth and distribution
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Annual population growth (%)

DriversPopulation growth and migration
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Gender inequality index

DriversSocio-cultural Context
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Percent urban population of total population (%)

DriversUrbanization
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Affordability of a healthy diet: Ratio of cost to food expenditures

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
0.4
Ratio
2017

Cost of a healthy diet (PPP dollar/person/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
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Cost of an energy sufficient diet

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
1.1
2017 PPP dollar/person/day
2017

Cost of legumes, nuts, and seeds relative to the starchy staples in a least-cost healthy diet

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
0.5
Ratio
2017

Cost of nutrient adequacy as a percent of household food expenditure

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
23
%
2011

Cost of nutrient adequacy in local currency units

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
17.5
Local currency
2011

Dietary energy in food supply (kcal/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Share of dietary energy from cereals, roots, and tubers (%)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of eggs (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of fish (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of fruit (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of meat (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of pulses (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of vegetables (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Retail value of packaged food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
2,234.7
USD/capita
2017

Retail value of ultra-processed food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
1,413.2
USD/capita
2017

Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Retail value of ultra-processed food sales per capita as a likely challenge area for Norway. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.

Modern grocery retailers per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
104.2
retailers per 100,000 population
2017

Supermarkets per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
22.3
per 100,000 population
2017

Average crop species richness

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
3.7
crops per unit of land
2015

Cereal yield (kg/ha)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Share of employment in agriculture (%)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Vegetable yield (mt per ha)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Agricultural infrastructure index

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Cereal losses (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Fruit losses (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Pulse losses (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Vegetable losses (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Final consumption expenditure per capita (constant 2017 international dollars/capita)

Individual FactorsEconomic
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Agricultural land change during the last 10 years

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
-3.7
1000 ha yr-1
2008–2018

Average proportion of natural vegetation embedded in agricultural lands

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
27
%
2015

Average threats soil biodiversity

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
0.7
1 = low risk, 8 = highest risk
2010

Per capita biodiversity impact of food consumption

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
367.7
sp.yr * 10^12/person
2010

Per capita eutrophication of food consumption

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
12,185
g PO43-eq/capita
2010

Per capita greenhouse gas emissions of food consumption

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
2,732
kg CO2eq./person
2010

Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Per capita greenhouse gas emissions of food consumption as a likely challenge area for Norway. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Research and develop alternative proteins sources and share the research in the public domain.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of alternative micronutrient-rich protein sources and reduce appeal of red meat to high red-meat consumers.

Per capita water use linked to food consumption

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
367
litre/person
2010

Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Per capita water use linked to food consumption as a likely challenge area for Norway. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Research and develop alternative proteins sources and share the research in the public domain.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of alternative micronutrient-rich protein sources and reduce appeal of red meat to high red-meat consumers.

Total ecological footprint of consumption per person

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
5.5
global ha/capita
2019

Total ecological footprint of production per person

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
10.2
global ha/capita
2019

Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity (%)

OutcomesFood security
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Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

OutcomesFood security
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Adult diabetes prevalence (%)

OutcomesNoncommunicable diseases
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Adult raised blood pressure (systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure >= 140/90 mmHg) (%)

OutcomesNoncommunicable diseases
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Adult obesity (BMI >= 30) (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Adult obesity (BMI >= 30) as a likely challenge area for Norway. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Reformulate processed food to reduce fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Reduce availability of fats, sugars and salt in foods already available to all populations.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Set mandatory limits on trans fats, sugar, salt/sodium and/or saturated fat in packaged foods.
Impact
Reduce availability of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Require nutrition labelling on packages/menus to indicate if foods are high in calories, fats, sugars and/or salt and/or in positive nutrients.
Impact
Reduce appeal and availability of foods high in fat, sugar and salt and increases appeal of nutritious foods to all populations.
Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.

Anemia in women 15-49 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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All Suggested Policies and Actions

We’ve identified the following policies and actions that might address issues with the food system of Norway.

Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Research and develop alternative proteins sources and share the research in the public domain.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of alternative micronutrient-rich protein sources and reduce appeal of red meat to high red-meat consumers.
Action
Reformulate processed food to reduce fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Reduce availability of fats, sugars and salt in foods already available to all populations.
Action
Set mandatory limits on trans fats, sugar, salt/sodium and/or saturated fat in packaged foods.
Impact
Reduce availability of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Require nutrition labelling on packages/menus to indicate if foods are high in calories, fats, sugars and/or salt and/or in positive nutrients.
Impact
Reduce appeal and availability of foods high in fat, sugar and salt and increases appeal of nutritious foods to all populations.