Outcomes Environmental impacts

Eutrophication of food consumption per person


The increase in phosphorous and nitrogen concentration (measured in phosphate equivalent) in water and soil as a result of current food consumption patterns. Food consumption is estimated using FAO Food Balance Sheets data as a proxy.


Excess fertilizer application during food production can lead to runoff into streams and rivers and subsequent eutrophication of freshwater and marine ecosystems. Eutrophication leads to fish dieback from lack of oxygen and other environmental harms.