Diagnose and Decide Scorecard
Food Environments
Food Supply Chains
Cereal losses (% of production and imports)
Fruit losses (% of production and imports)
Pulse losses (% of production and imports)
Vegetable losses (% of production and imports)
Unlikely Challenge Area
Potential Challenge Area
Likely Challenge Area
Missing Data

Indicators

Average threats soil biodiversity index

DriversEnvironment and climate change
1
1 = low risk, 8 = highest risk
2010

Total greenhouse gas emissions (excluding land-use change and forestry) (mtCO₂e)

DriversEnvironment and climate change
Loading…

Annual population growth (%)

DriversPopulation growth and migration
Loading…

Gender inequality index

DriversSocio-cultural Context
Loading…

Percent urban population of total population (%)

DriversUrbanization
Loading…

Affordability of a healthy diet: Ratio of cost to food expenditures

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
0.5
Ratio
2017

Cost of a healthy diet (CoHD) (PPP dollar/person/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
Loading…

Cost of an energy sufficient diet

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
0.8
2017 PPP dollar/person/day
2017

Cost of legumes, nuts, and seeds relative to the starchy staples in a least-cost healthy diet

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
0.6
Ratio
2017

Cost of nutrient adequacy (CoNA) in local currency units (LCU)

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
0.3
Local currency
2011

Retail value of packaged food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
514.8
USD/capita
2017

Retail value of ultra-processed food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
384.3
USD/capita
2017

Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Retail value of ultra-processed food sales per capita as a likely challenge area for Bahrain. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.

Modern grocery retailers per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
8
retailers per 100,000 population
2017

Supermarkets per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
5.4
per 100,000 population
2017

Share of employment in agriculture (%)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
Loading…

Vegetable yield (mt per ha)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
Loading…

Agricultural infrastructure index

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
Loading…

Final consumption expenditure per capita (constant 2017 international dollars/capita)

Individual FactorsEconomic
Loading…

Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita fruit intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
Loading…

Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita legumes intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
Loading…

Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita milk intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
Loading…

Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita nuts and seeds intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
Loading…

Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita processed meat intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
Loading…

Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita red meat intake (% energy/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
Loading…

Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita sodium intake (% energy/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
Loading…

Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita sugar sweetened beverages intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
Loading…

Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita vegetable intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
Loading…

Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita whole grains intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
Loading…

Agricultural land change during the last 10 years

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
0
1000 ha yr-1
2008–2018

Average proportion of natural vegetation embedded in agricultural lands

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
2
%
2015

Average species crop richness

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
4.8
crops per unit of land
2015

Total ecological footprint of consumption per person (higher = worst)

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
8.6
global ha/capita
2019

Total ecological footprint of production per person (higher = worst)

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
7.9
global ha/capita
2019

Adult diabetes prevalence (%)

OutcomesNCDs
Loading…

Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Adult diabetes prevalence as a likely challenge area for Bahrain. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Require nutrition labelling on packages/menus to indicate if foods are high in calories, fats, sugars and/or salt and/or in positive nutrients.
Impact
Reduce appeal and availability of foods high in fat, sugar and salt and increases appeal of nutritious foods to all populations.
Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Reformulate processed food to reduce fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Reduce availability of fats, sugars and salt in foods already available to all populations.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Set mandatory limits on trans fats, sugar, salt/sodium and/or saturated fat in packaged foods.
Impact
Reduce availability of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.

Adult raised blood pressure (systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure >= 140/90 mmHg) (%)

OutcomesNCDs
Loading…

Adult obesity (BMI >= 30) (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
Loading…

Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Adult obesity (BMI >= 30) as a likely challenge area for Bahrain. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Require nutrition labelling on packages/menus to indicate if foods are high in calories, fats, sugars and/or salt and/or in positive nutrients.
Impact
Reduce appeal and availability of foods high in fat, sugar and salt and increases appeal of nutritious foods to all populations.
Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Reformulate processed food to reduce fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Reduce availability of fats, sugars and salt in foods already available to all populations.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Set mandatory limits on trans fats, sugar, salt/sodium and/or saturated fat in packaged foods.
Impact
Reduce availability of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.

Anemia in women 15-49 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
Loading…

Overweight in children under 5 years

OutcomesNutritional status
8
%
1989

Stunting in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
Loading…

Wasting in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
Loading…

All Suggested Policies and Actions

We’ve identified the following policies and actions that might address issues with the food system of Bahrain.

Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Require nutrition labelling on packages/menus to indicate if foods are high in calories, fats, sugars and/or salt and/or in positive nutrients.
Impact
Reduce appeal and availability of foods high in fat, sugar and salt and increases appeal of nutritious foods to all populations.
Action
Reformulate processed food to reduce fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Reduce availability of fats, sugars and salt in foods already available to all populations.
Action
Set mandatory limits on trans fats, sugar, salt/sodium and/or saturated fat in packaged foods.
Impact
Reduce availability of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.