Diagnose and Decide Scorecard
Unlikely Challenge Area
Potential Challenge Area
Likely Challenge Area
Missing Data

Indicators

Average threats soil biodiversity index

DriversEnvironment and climate change
1.4
1 = low risk, 8 = highest risk
2010

Total greenhouse gas emissions (excluding land-use change and forestry) (mtCO₂e)

DriversEnvironment and climate change
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GINI index

DriversIncome growth and distribution
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Annual population growth (%)

DriversPopulation growth and migration
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Gender inequality index

DriversSocio-cultural Context
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Percent urban population of total population (%)

DriversUrbanization
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Affordability of a healthy diet: Ratio of cost to food expenditures

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
1
Ratio
2017

Cost of a healthy diet (CoHD) (PPP dollar/person/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
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Cost of an energy sufficient diet

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
1.1
2017 PPP dollar/person/day
2017

Cost of legumes, nuts, and seeds relative to the starchy staples in a least-cost healthy diet

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
0.6
Ratio
2017

Dietary energy in food supply (kcal/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Share of dietary energy from cereals, roots, and tubers (3-year average, kcal/capital/day) (%)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of eggs (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of fish (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of fruit (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of meat (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of pulses (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of vegetables (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Retail value of packaged food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
236.3
USD/capita
2017

Retail value of ultra-processed food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
169.3
USD/capita
2017

Supermarkets per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
2.9
per 100,000 population
2017

Cereal yield (kg/ha)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Share of employment in agriculture (%)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Vegetable yield (mt per ha)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Cereal losses (% of production and imports) (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Fruit losses (% of production and imports) (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Pulse losses (% of production and imports) (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Vegetable losses (% of production and imports) (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Final consumption expenditure per capita (constant 2017 international dollars/capita)

Individual FactorsEconomic
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Adolescents (age 12 - 17 years): Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption

OutcomesDietary intake
64
%
2011

Adolescents (age 12 - 17 years): Prevalence of at least weekly fast food consumption

OutcomesDietary intake
65
%
2011

Adolescents (age 12 - 17 years): Prevalence of less than daily vegetable consumption

OutcomesDietary intake
26
%
2011

Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita fruit intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita legumes intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita milk intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita nuts and seeds intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita processed meat intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita red meat intake (% energy/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita sodium intake (% energy/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita sugar sweetened beverages intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita vegetable intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita whole grains intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Agricultural land change during the last 10 years

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
2.1
1000 ha yr-1
2008–2018

Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Agricultural land change during the last 10 years as a likely challenge area for Belize. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Research and develop alternative proteins sources and share the research in the public domain.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of alternative micronutrient-rich protein sources and reduce appeal of red meat to high red-meat consumers.

Average proportion of natural vegetation embedded in agricultural lands

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
26
%
2015

Average species crop richness

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
8.7
crops per unit of land
2015

Total ecological footprint of consumption per person (higher = worst)

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
5.4
global ha/capita
2019

Total ecological footprint of production per person (higher = worst)

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
3.6
global ha/capita
2019

Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity (%)

OutcomesFood security
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity as a likely challenge area for Belize. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Focus cash transfer, voucher and food delivery programmes on increasing the availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and limiting the appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and reduce the affordability and appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to low-income populations with access to the programmes.

Infants and children (6-23 months): Minimum diet diversity (MDD)

OutcomesInfant and young child feeding practices
58
%
2015

Infants and children (6-23 months): Minimum meal frequency (MMF)

OutcomesInfant and young child feeding practices
64
%
2011

Adult diabetes prevalence (%)

OutcomesNCDs
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Adult diabetes prevalence as a likely challenge area for Belize. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Require nutrition labelling on packages/menus to indicate if foods are high in calories, fats, sugars and/or salt and/or in positive nutrients.
Impact
Reduce appeal and availability of foods high in fat, sugar and salt and increases appeal of nutritious foods to all populations.
Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Reformulate processed food to reduce fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Reduce availability of fats, sugars and salt in foods already available to all populations.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Set mandatory limits on trans fats, sugar, salt/sodium and/or saturated fat in packaged foods.
Impact
Reduce availability of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.

Adult raised blood pressure (systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure >= 140/90 mmHg) (%)

OutcomesNCDs
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Adult obesity (BMI >= 30) (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Adult obesity (BMI >= 30) as a likely challenge area for Belize. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Require nutrition labelling on packages/menus to indicate if foods are high in calories, fats, sugars and/or salt and/or in positive nutrients.
Impact
Reduce appeal and availability of foods high in fat, sugar and salt and increases appeal of nutritious foods to all populations.
Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Reformulate processed food to reduce fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Reduce availability of fats, sugars and salt in foods already available to all populations.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Set mandatory limits on trans fats, sugar, salt/sodium and/or saturated fat in packaged foods.
Impact
Reduce availability of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.

Anemia in women 15-49 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Overweight in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Stunting in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Wasting in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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All Suggested Policies and Actions

We’ve identified the following policies and actions that might address issues with the food system of Belize.

Action
Research and develop alternative proteins sources and share the research in the public domain.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of alternative micronutrient-rich protein sources and reduce appeal of red meat to high red-meat consumers.
Action
Focus cash transfer, voucher and food delivery programmes on increasing the availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and limiting the appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and reduce the affordability and appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to low-income populations with access to the programmes.
Action
Require nutrition labelling on packages/menus to indicate if foods are high in calories, fats, sugars and/or salt and/or in positive nutrients.
Impact
Reduce appeal and availability of foods high in fat, sugar and salt and increases appeal of nutritious foods to all populations.
Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Reformulate processed food to reduce fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Reduce availability of fats, sugars and salt in foods already available to all populations.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Set mandatory limits on trans fats, sugar, salt/sodium and/or saturated fat in packaged foods.
Impact
Reduce availability of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.