Diagnose and Decide Scorecard
Drivers
Average threats soil biodiversity index
Food Supply Chains
Cereal losses (% of production and imports)
Fruit losses (% of production and imports)
Pulse losses (% of production and imports)
Vegetable losses (% of production and imports)
Outcomes
Prevalence of undernourishment
Per capita biodiversity impact of food consumption
Per capita eutrophication of food consumption
Per capita greenhouse gas emissions of food consumption
Per capita water use linked to food consumption
Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity
Infants and children (6-23 months): Minimum diet diversity (MDD)
Adult raised blood pressure (systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure >= 140/90 mmHg)
Anemia in women 15-49 years
Overweight in children under 5 years
Stunting in children under 5 years
Wasting in children under 5 years
Unlikely Challenge Area
Potential Challenge Area
Likely Challenge Area
Missing Data

Indicators

Annual population growth (%)

DriversPopulation growth and migration
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Percent urban population of total population (%)

DriversUrbanization
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Affordability of a healthy diet: Ratio of cost to food expenditures

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
0.4
Ratio
2017

Cost of a healthy diet (CoHD) (PPP dollar/person/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
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Cost of an energy sufficient diet

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
1.1
2017 PPP dollar/person/day
2017

Cost of legumes, nuts, and seeds relative to the starchy staples in a least-cost healthy diet

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
0.7
Ratio
2017

Dietary energy in food supply (kcal/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Share of dietary energy from cereals, roots, and tubers (3-year average, kcal/capital/day) (%)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Retail value of packaged food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
1,431
USD/capita
2017

Retail value of ultra-processed food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
976.9
USD/capita
2017

Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Retail value of ultra-processed food sales per capita as a likely challenge area for Bermuda. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.

Modern grocery retailers per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
43.8
retailers per 100,000 population
2017

Supermarkets per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
23.5
per 100,000 population
2017

Final consumption expenditure per capita (constant 2017 international dollars/capita)

Individual FactorsEconomic
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita fruit intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita legumes intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita milk intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita nuts and seeds intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita processed meat intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita red meat intake (% energy/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita sodium intake (% energy/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita sugar sweetened beverages intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita vegetable intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita whole grains intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Agricultural land change during the last 10 years

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
0
1000 ha yr-1
2008–2018

Average proportion of natural vegetation embedded in agricultural lands

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
10
%
2015

Average species crop richness

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
2
crops per unit of land
2015

Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Average species crop richness as a likely challenge area for Bermuda. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Support the production and consumption of nutritious indigenous crops through agrobiodiverse cropping systems, agricultural extension, breeding programmes, subsidies, land tenure rights, regulatory protection, market development and public awareness.
Impact
Increase availability and appeal of nutritious foods to producer households and all other populations.
Action
Research and develop alternative proteins sources and share the research in the public domain.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of alternative micronutrient-rich protein sources and reduce appeal of red meat to high red-meat consumers.

Total ecological footprint of consumption per person (higher = worst)

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
7.5
global ha/capita
2019

Total ecological footprint of production per person (higher = worst)

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
3.6
global ha/capita
2019

Adult diabetes prevalence (%)

OutcomesNCDs
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Adult diabetes prevalence as a likely challenge area for Bermuda. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Require nutrition labelling on packages/menus to indicate if foods are high in calories, fats, sugars and/or salt and/or in positive nutrients.
Impact
Reduce appeal and availability of foods high in fat, sugar and salt and increases appeal of nutritious foods to all populations.
Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Reformulate processed food to reduce fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Reduce availability of fats, sugars and salt in foods already available to all populations.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Set mandatory limits on trans fats, sugar, salt/sodium and/or saturated fat in packaged foods.
Impact
Reduce availability of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.

Adult obesity (BMI >= 30) (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Adult obesity (BMI >= 30) as a likely challenge area for Bermuda. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Require nutrition labelling on packages/menus to indicate if foods are high in calories, fats, sugars and/or salt and/or in positive nutrients.
Impact
Reduce appeal and availability of foods high in fat, sugar and salt and increases appeal of nutritious foods to all populations.
Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Reformulate processed food to reduce fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Reduce availability of fats, sugars and salt in foods already available to all populations.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Set mandatory limits on trans fats, sugar, salt/sodium and/or saturated fat in packaged foods.
Impact
Reduce availability of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.

All Suggested Policies and Actions

We’ve identified the following policies and actions that might address issues with the food system of Bermuda.

Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Support the production and consumption of nutritious indigenous crops through agrobiodiverse cropping systems, agricultural extension, breeding programmes, subsidies, land tenure rights, regulatory protection, market development and public awareness.
Impact
Increase availability and appeal of nutritious foods to producer households and all other populations.
Action
Research and develop alternative proteins sources and share the research in the public domain.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of alternative micronutrient-rich protein sources and reduce appeal of red meat to high red-meat consumers.
Action
Require nutrition labelling on packages/menus to indicate if foods are high in calories, fats, sugars and/or salt and/or in positive nutrients.
Impact
Reduce appeal and availability of foods high in fat, sugar and salt and increases appeal of nutritious foods to all populations.
Action
Reformulate processed food to reduce fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Reduce availability of fats, sugars and salt in foods already available to all populations.
Action
Set mandatory limits on trans fats, sugar, salt/sodium and/or saturated fat in packaged foods.
Impact
Reduce availability of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.