Indicators

Average threats soil biodiversity

DriversEnvironment and climate change
1.8
1 = low risk, 8 = highest risk
2010

Total greenhouse gas emissions (excluding land-use change and forestry) (mtCO₂e)

DriversEnvironment and climate change
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Gini index

DriversIncome growth and distribution
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Annual population growth (%)

DriversPopulation growth and migration
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Gender inequality index

DriversSocio-cultural Context
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Percent urban population of total population (%)

DriversUrbanization
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Cost of nutrient adequacy as a percent of household food expenditure

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
36
%
2011

Cost of nutrient adequacy in local currency units

Food EnvironmentsFood affordability
8.6
Local currency
2011

Dietary energy in food supply (kcal/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Dietary energy in food supply as a likely challenge area for Guatemala. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Develop innovative postharvest storage technologies, packaging and processing techniques for nutritious foods to reduce nutrient losses, remove anti-nutrients, prevent contamination and reduce food losses.
Impact
Increase availability, appeal and safety of nutritious foods throughout the year to all populations.

Share of dietary energy from cereals, roots, and tubers (%)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of eggs (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of fish (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of fruit (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of meat (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of pulses (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of vegetables (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Retail value of packaged food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
361.4
USD/capita
2017

Retail value of ultra-processed food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
280.6
USD/capita
2017

Modern grocery retailers per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
4.4
retailers per 100,000 population
2017

Supermarkets per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
1.4
per 100,000 population
2017

Cereal yield (kg/ha)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Share of employment in agriculture (%)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Vegetable yield (mt per ha)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Agricultural infrastructure index

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Cereal losses (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Fruit losses (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Fruit losses as a likely challenge area for Guatemala. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Deliver (peri-)urban agriculture programmes which provide land and other inputs, support local market development and deliver training and nutrition education.
Impact
Increase availability, access, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods to urban populations.
Action
Develop innovative postharvest storage technologies, packaging and processing techniques for nutritious foods to reduce nutrient losses, remove anti-nutrients, prevent contamination and reduce food losses.
Impact
Increase availability, appeal and safety of nutritious foods throughout the year to all populations.
Action
Develop new processed products that extend the shelf life of nutritious foods, make them more convenient for consumers to prepare, and reduce food and nutrient losses.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods throughout the year to all populations.
Action
Build and improve roads, transportation, storage, cold chain and logistical distribution infrastructure to enable the delivery of safe, perishable nutritious foods to urban and rural markets.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and safety of nutritious foods in markets serving local populations.
Action
Maintain and upgrade markets selling nutritious foods to low-income communities and ensure they have access to infrastructure to enhance food safety and reduce foods losses.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability, access and safety of nutritious foods in markets serving low-income populations.
Action
Develop infrastructure to reduce loss and waste of nutritious foods and increase its redistribution.
Impact
Increase availability nutritious foods to low-income and all populations.
Action
Mandate training programmes for food producers and retailers on storage, processing and packaging to reduce spoilage and contamination of nutritious foods.
Impact
Increase availability and safety of nutritious foods to all populations.

Pulse losses (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Pulse losses as a likely challenge area for Guatemala. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Deliver (peri-)urban agriculture programmes which provide land and other inputs, support local market development and deliver training and nutrition education.
Impact
Increase availability, access, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods to urban populations.
Action
Develop innovative postharvest storage technologies, packaging and processing techniques for nutritious foods to reduce nutrient losses, remove anti-nutrients, prevent contamination and reduce food losses.
Impact
Increase availability, appeal and safety of nutritious foods throughout the year to all populations.
Action
Develop new processed products that extend the shelf life of nutritious foods, make them more convenient for consumers to prepare, and reduce food and nutrient losses.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods throughout the year to all populations.
Action
Build and improve roads, transportation, storage, cold chain and logistical distribution infrastructure to enable the delivery of safe, perishable nutritious foods to urban and rural markets.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and safety of nutritious foods in markets serving local populations.
Action
Maintain and upgrade markets selling nutritious foods to low-income communities and ensure they have access to infrastructure to enhance food safety and reduce foods losses.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability, access and safety of nutritious foods in markets serving low-income populations.
Action
Develop infrastructure to reduce loss and waste of nutritious foods and increase its redistribution.
Impact
Increase availability nutritious foods to low-income and all populations.
Action
Mandate training programmes for food producers and retailers on storage, processing and packaging to reduce spoilage and contamination of nutritious foods.
Impact
Increase availability and safety of nutritious foods to all populations.

Vegetable losses (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Vegetable losses as a likely challenge area for Guatemala. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Deliver (peri-)urban agriculture programmes which provide land and other inputs, support local market development and deliver training and nutrition education.
Impact
Increase availability, access, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods to urban populations.
Action
Develop innovative postharvest storage technologies, packaging and processing techniques for nutritious foods to reduce nutrient losses, remove anti-nutrients, prevent contamination and reduce food losses.
Impact
Increase availability, appeal and safety of nutritious foods throughout the year to all populations.
Action
Develop new processed products that extend the shelf life of nutritious foods, make them more convenient for consumers to prepare, and reduce food and nutrient losses.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods throughout the year to all populations.
Action
Build and improve roads, transportation, storage, cold chain and logistical distribution infrastructure to enable the delivery of safe, perishable nutritious foods to urban and rural markets.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and safety of nutritious foods in markets serving local populations.
Action
Maintain and upgrade markets selling nutritious foods to low-income communities and ensure they have access to infrastructure to enhance food safety and reduce foods losses.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability, access and safety of nutritious foods in markets serving low-income populations.
Action
Develop infrastructure to reduce loss and waste of nutritious foods and increase its redistribution.
Impact
Increase availability nutritious foods to low-income and all populations.
Action
Mandate training programmes for food producers and retailers on storage, processing and packaging to reduce spoilage and contamination of nutritious foods.
Impact
Increase availability and safety of nutritious foods to all populations.

Final consumption expenditure per capita (constant 2017 international dollars/capita)

Individual FactorsEconomic
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Adolescents (age 12 - 17 years): Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption

OutcomesDietary intake
60
%
2015

Adolescents (age 12 - 17 years): Prevalence of at least weekly fast food consumption

OutcomesDietary intake
57
%
2015

Adolescents (age 12 - 17 years): Prevalence of less than daily vegetable consumption

OutcomesDietary intake
24
%
2015

Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita fruit intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita legumes intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita milk intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita nuts and seeds intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita processed meat intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita red meat intake (% energy/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita sodium intake (% energy/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita sugar sweetened beverages intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita vegetable intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita whole grains intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Agricultural land change during the last 10 years

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
-23.3
1000 ha yr-1
2008–2018

Average proportion of natural vegetation embedded in agricultural lands

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
24
%
2015

Average species crop richness

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
10.3
crops per unit of land
2015

Per capita biodiversity impact of food consumption

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
1,631
sp.yr * 10^12/person
2010

Per capita eutrophication of food consumption

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
5,530
g PO43-eq/capita
2010

Per capita greenhouse gas emissions of food consumption

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
1,565
kg CO2eq./person
2010

Per capita water use linked to food consumption

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
142
litre/person
2010

Total ecological footprint of consumption per person

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
1.9
global ha/capita
2019

Total ecological footprint of production per person

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
1.6
global ha/capita
2019

Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity (%)

OutcomesFood security
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity as a likely challenge area for Guatemala. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Focus cash transfer, voucher and food delivery programmes on increasing the availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and limiting the appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and reduce the affordability and appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to low-income populations with access to the programmes.

Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

OutcomesFood security
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Prevalence of undernourishment as a likely challenge area for Guatemala. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Focus cash transfer, voucher and food delivery programmes on increasing the availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and limiting the appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and reduce the affordability and appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to low-income populations with access to the programmes.

Infants and children (6-23 months): Minimum diet diversity

OutcomesInfant and young child feeding practices
59
%
2015

Infants and children (6-23 months): Minimum meal frequency

OutcomesInfant and young child feeding practices
82
%
2015

Adult diabetes prevalence (%)

OutcomesNCDs
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Adult raised blood pressure (systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure >= 140/90 mmHg) (%)

OutcomesNCDs
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Adult obesity (BMI >= 30) (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Anemia in women 15-49 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Overweight in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Stunting in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Stunting in children under 5 years as a likely challenge area for Guatemala. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Focus cash transfer, voucher and food delivery programmes on increasing the availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and limiting the appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and reduce the affordability and appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to low-income populations with access to the programmes.
Action
Implement comprehensive school food programmes, incorporating food and meals, nutrition standards, nutrition education, school gardens, food personnel training, food skills and literacy.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and access of nutritious foods and reduce access to foods high in fats, sugars and salt to school-aged children.

Wasting in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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All Suggested Policies and Actions

We’ve identified the following policies and actions that might address issues with the food system of Guatemala.

Action
Develop innovative postharvest storage technologies, packaging and processing techniques for nutritious foods to reduce nutrient losses, remove anti-nutrients, prevent contamination and reduce food losses.
Impact
Increase availability, appeal and safety of nutritious foods throughout the year to all populations.
Action
Deliver (peri-)urban agriculture programmes which provide land and other inputs, support local market development and deliver training and nutrition education.
Impact
Increase availability, access, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods to urban populations.
Action
Develop new processed products that extend the shelf life of nutritious foods, make them more convenient for consumers to prepare, and reduce food and nutrient losses.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods throughout the year to all populations.
Action
Build and improve roads, transportation, storage, cold chain and logistical distribution infrastructure to enable the delivery of safe, perishable nutritious foods to urban and rural markets.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and safety of nutritious foods in markets serving local populations.
Action
Maintain and upgrade markets selling nutritious foods to low-income communities and ensure they have access to infrastructure to enhance food safety and reduce foods losses.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability, access and safety of nutritious foods in markets serving low-income populations.
Action
Develop infrastructure to reduce loss and waste of nutritious foods and increase its redistribution.
Impact
Increase availability nutritious foods to low-income and all populations.
Action
Mandate training programmes for food producers and retailers on storage, processing and packaging to reduce spoilage and contamination of nutritious foods.
Impact
Increase availability and safety of nutritious foods to all populations.
Action
Focus cash transfer, voucher and food delivery programmes on increasing the availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and limiting the appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and reduce the affordability and appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to low-income populations with access to the programmes.
Action
Implement comprehensive school food programmes, incorporating food and meals, nutrition standards, nutrition education, school gardens, food personnel training, food skills and literacy.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and access of nutritious foods and reduce access to foods high in fats, sugars and salt to school-aged children.