Diagnose and Decide Scorecard
Food Environments
Affordability of a healthy diet: Ratio of cost to food expenditures
Cost of a healthy diet
Cost of an energy sufficient diet
Cost of legumes, nuts, and seeds relative to the starchy staples in a least-cost healthy diet
Dietary energy in food supply
Share of dietary energy from cereals, roots, and tubers
Supply of fruit
Supply of pulses
Supply of vegetables
Food Supply Chains
Cereal losses
Fruit losses
Pulse losses
Vegetable losses
Outcomes
Per capita biodiversity impact of food consumption
Per capita eutrophication of food consumption
Per capita greenhouse gas emissions of food consumption
Per capita water use linked to food consumption
Total ecological footprint of consumption per person
Total ecological footprint of production per person
Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity
Prevalence of undernourishment
Infants and children (6-23 months): Minimum diet diversity
Adult diabetes prevalence
Adult raised blood pressure (systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure >= 140/90 mmHg)
Adult obesity (BMI >= 30)
Anemia in women 15-49 years
Overweight in children under 5 years
Stunting in children under 5 years
Wasting in children under 5 years
Unlikely Challenge Area
Potential Challenge Area
Likely Challenge Area
Missing Data

Indicators

Average threats soil biodiversity

DriversEnvironment and climate change
1.8
1 = low risk, 8 = highest risk
2010

Total greenhouse gas emissions (excluding land-use change and forestry) (mtCO₂e)

DriversEnvironment and climate change
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Annual population growth (%)

DriversPopulation growth and migration
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Percent urban population of total population (%)

DriversUrbanization
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Retail value of packaged food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
1,642.6
USD/capita
2017

Retail value of ultra-processed food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
973.4
USD/capita
2017

Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Retail value of ultra-processed food sales per capita as a likely challenge area for Liechtenstein. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.

Modern grocery retailers per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
29.1
retailers per 100,000 population
2017

Supermarkets per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
29.1
per 100,000 population
2017

Agricultural land change during the last 10 years

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
-0.2
1000 ha yr-1
2008–2018

Average proportion of natural vegetation embedded in agricultural lands

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
27
%
2015

Average species crop richness

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
1
crops per unit of land
2015

Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Average species crop richness as a likely challenge area for Liechtenstein. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Support the production and consumption of nutritious indigenous crops through agrobiodiverse cropping systems, agricultural extension, breeding programmes, subsidies, land tenure rights, regulatory protection, market development and public awareness.
Impact
Increase availability and appeal of nutritious foods to producer households and all other populations.
Action
Research and develop alternative proteins sources and share the research in the public domain.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of alternative micronutrient-rich protein sources and reduce appeal of red meat to high red-meat consumers.

All Suggested Policies and Actions

We’ve identified the following policies and actions that might address issues with the food system of Liechtenstein.

Action
Restrict all forms of marketing, advertising and in-store promotions of HFSS foods, particularly to children.
Impact
Reduce appeal foods high in fat, sugar and salt to children.
Action
Implement taxes to decrease affordability and incentivise reformulation of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt food.
Impact
Decrease affordability of sugary drinks and foods high in fats, sugars and salt to all populations.
Action
Support the production and consumption of nutritious indigenous crops through agrobiodiverse cropping systems, agricultural extension, breeding programmes, subsidies, land tenure rights, regulatory protection, market development and public awareness.
Impact
Increase availability and appeal of nutritious foods to producer households and all other populations.
Action
Research and develop alternative proteins sources and share the research in the public domain.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of alternative micronutrient-rich protein sources and reduce appeal of red meat to high red-meat consumers.