Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Diagnose and Decide Scorecard
Food Environments
Affordability of a healthy diet: Ratio of cost to food expenditures
Cost of a healthy diet (CoHD)
Cost of an energy sufficient diet
Cost of legumes, nuts, and seeds relative to the starchy staples in a least-cost healthy diet
Unlikely Challenge Area
Potential Challenge Area
Likely Challenge Area
Missing Data

Indicators

Average threats soil biodiversity index

DriversEnvironment and climate change
2.8
1 = low risk, 8 = highest risk
2010

Total greenhouse gas emissions (excluding land-use change and forestry) (mtCO₂e)

DriversEnvironment and climate change
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Annual population growth (%)

DriversPopulation growth and migration
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Percent urban population of total population (%)

DriversUrbanization
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Dietary energy in food supply (kcal/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Dietary energy in food supply as a likely challenge area for Democratic People's Republic of Korea. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Develop innovative postharvest storage technologies, packaging and processing techniques for nutritious foods to reduce nutrient losses, remove anti-nutrients, prevent contamination and reduce food losses.
Impact
Increase availability, appeal and safety of nutritious foods throughout the year to all populations.

Share of dietary energy from cereals, roots, and tubers (3-year average, kcal/capital/day) (%)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Share of dietary energy from cereals, roots, and tubers (3-year average, kcal/capital/day) as a likely challenge area for Democratic People's Republic of Korea. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Research and develop alternative proteins sources and share the research in the public domain.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of alternative micronutrient-rich protein sources and reduce appeal of red meat to high red-meat consumers.

Supply of eggs (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of fish (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of fruit (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of meat (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of pulses (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Supply of vegetables (g/capita/day)

Food EnvironmentsFood availability
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Retail value of packaged food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
43.3
USD/capita
2017

Retail value of ultra-processed food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
30.1
USD/capita
2017

Modern grocery retailers per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
0.2
retailers per 100,000 population
2017

Supermarkets per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
0.2
per 100,000 population
2017

Cereal yield (kg/ha)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Share of employment in agriculture (%)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Vegetable yield (mt per ha)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Cereal losses (% of production and imports) (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Fruit losses (% of production and imports) (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Pulse losses (% of production and imports) (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Vegetable losses (% of production and imports) (%)

Food Supply ChainsStorage and distribution
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita fruit intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita legumes intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita milk intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita nuts and seeds intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita processed meat intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita red meat intake (% energy/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita sodium intake (% energy/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita sugar sweetened beverages intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita vegetable intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita whole grains intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Prevalence of undernourishment as a likely challenge area for Democratic People's Republic of Korea. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Focus cash transfer, voucher and food delivery programmes on increasing the availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and limiting the appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and reduce the affordability and appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to low-income populations with access to the programmes.

Agricultural land change during the last 10 years

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
-3.7
1000 ha yr-1
2008–2018

Average proportion of natural vegetation embedded in agricultural lands

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
11
%
2015

Average species crop richness

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
10
crops per unit of land
2015

Per capita biodiversity impact of food consumption

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
72.5
sp.yr * 10^12/person
2010

Per capita eutrophication of food consumption

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
5,770
g PO43-eq/capita
2010

Per capita greenhouse gas emissions of food consumption

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
1,113
kg CO2eq./person
2010

Per capita water use linked to food consumption

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
260
litre/person
2010

Total ecological footprint of consumption per person (higher = worst)

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
0.9
global ha/capita
2019

Total ecological footprint of production per person (higher = worst)

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
0.9
global ha/capita
2019

Infants and children (6-23 months): Minimum diet diversity (MDD)

OutcomesInfant and young child feeding practices
47
%
2017

Adult diabetes prevalence (%)

OutcomesNCDs
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Adult raised blood pressure (systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure >= 140/90 mmHg) (%)

OutcomesNCDs
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Adult obesity (BMI >= 30) (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Anemia in women 15-49 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Overweight in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Stunting in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Wasting in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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All Suggested Policies and Actions

We’ve identified the following policies and actions that might address issues with the food system of Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

Action
Develop innovative postharvest storage technologies, packaging and processing techniques for nutritious foods to reduce nutrient losses, remove anti-nutrients, prevent contamination and reduce food losses.
Impact
Increase availability, appeal and safety of nutritious foods throughout the year to all populations.
Action
Research and develop alternative proteins sources and share the research in the public domain.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of alternative micronutrient-rich protein sources and reduce appeal of red meat to high red-meat consumers.
Action
Focus cash transfer, voucher and food delivery programmes on increasing the availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and limiting the appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and reduce the affordability and appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to low-income populations with access to the programmes.