Assessing Food Systems Performance
Food Supply Chains
Production systems and input supply
Average crop species richness
Storage and distribution
Cereal losses
Fruit losses
Vegetable losses
Pulse losses
Food Environments
Food availability
Dietary energy in the food supply
Share of dietary energy from cereals, roots, and tubers
Supply of fruit
Supply of vegetables
Supply of pulses
Food affordability
Cost of an energy sufficient diet
Cost of a healthy diet relative to the cost of sufficient energy from starchy staples
Affordability of a healthy diet: ratio of cost to food expenditures
Percent of the population who cannot afford a healthy diet
Cost of legumes, nuts, and seeds relative to the starchy staples in a least-cost healthy diet
Cost of fruits and vegetables relative to starchy staples in a least cost healthy diet
Product properties
Retail value (total sales) of ultra-processed foods per capita
Environmental impacts
Total ecological footprint of food production per person
Total ecological footprint of food consumption per person
Greenhouse gas emissions of food consumption per person
Biodiversity impact of food consumption per person
Water use linked to food consumption per person
Eutrophication of food consumption per person
Food security
POU: Prevalence of undernourishment
Percent of the population experiencing moderate or severe food insecurity
Infant and young child feeding practices
MDD (IYCF): Minimum dietary diversity for infants and young children
Children (6-23 months): Zero meat, fish, or egg consumption
Nutritional status
Adult obesity
Wasting in children under 5 years
Stunting in children under 5 years
Overweight and obesity in children under 5 years
Underweight in Women
Noncommunicable diseases
Adult diabetes prevalence
Adult raised blood pressure
Unlikely Challenge Area
Potential Challenge Area
Likely Challenge Area
Missing Data



Total greenhouse gas emissions excluding land-use change and forestry (mtCO₂eq)

DriversEnvironment and climate change

Urban population as percent of total population (%)


Annual population growth (%)

DriversPopulation growth and migration

Food Supply Chains

Food Environments

Individual Factors

Cross-Cutting Issues


Agricultural land change during the last 10 years

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
1000 ha/year

Average proportion of natural vegetation embedded in agricultural lands

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts

Soil biodiversity threats index

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts

Anemia in women (%)

OutcomesNutritional status