Diagnose and Decide Scorecard
Food Environments
Affordability of a healthy diet: Ratio of cost to food expenditures
Cost of a healthy diet
Cost of an energy sufficient diet
Cost of legumes, nuts, and seeds relative to the starchy staples in a least-cost healthy diet
Dietary energy in food supply
Share of dietary energy from cereals, roots, and tubers
Supply of fruit
Supply of pulses
Supply of vegetables
Food Supply Chains
Cereal losses
Fruit losses
Pulse losses
Vegetable losses
Outcomes
Per capita biodiversity impact of food consumption
Per capita eutrophication of food consumption
Per capita greenhouse gas emissions of food consumption
Per capita water use linked to food consumption
Prevalence of undernourishment
Infants and children (6-23 months): Minimum diet diversity
Adult diabetes prevalence
Adult raised blood pressure (systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure >= 140/90 mmHg)
Adult obesity (BMI >= 30)
Unlikely Challenge Area
Potential Challenge Area
Likely Challenge Area
Missing Data

Indicators

Average threats soil biodiversity

DriversEnvironment and climate change
2.3
1 = low risk, 8 = highest risk
2010

Total greenhouse gas emissions (excluding land-use change and forestry) (mtCO₂e)

DriversEnvironment and climate change
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Gini index

DriversIncome growth and distribution
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Annual population growth (%)

DriversPopulation growth and migration
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Gender inequality index

DriversSocio-cultural Context
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Percent urban population of total population (%)

DriversUrbanization
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Retail value of packaged food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
18.2
USD/capita
2017

Retail value of ultra-processed food sales per capita

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties
13.7
USD/capita
2017

Supermarkets per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties
0.3
per 100,000 population
2017

Cereal yield (kg/ha)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Share of employment in agriculture (%)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Vegetable yield (mt per ha)

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita fruit intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita legumes intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita milk intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita nuts and seeds intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita processed meat intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita red meat intake (% energy/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita sodium intake (% energy/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita sugar sweetened beverages intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita vegetable intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Adults (age 25+): Estimated per capita whole grains intake (g/day)

OutcomesDietary intake
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Agricultural land change during the last 10 years

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
0
1000 ha yr-1
2008–2018

Average proportion of natural vegetation embedded in agricultural lands

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
34
%
2015

Average species crop richness

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
1.3
crops per unit of land
2015

Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Average species crop richness as a likely challenge area for South Sudan. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Support the production and consumption of nutritious indigenous crops through agrobiodiverse cropping systems, agricultural extension, breeding programmes, subsidies, land tenure rights, regulatory protection, market development and public awareness.
Impact
Increase availability and appeal of nutritious foods to producer households and all other populations.
Action
Research and develop alternative proteins sources and share the research in the public domain.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of alternative micronutrient-rich protein sources and reduce appeal of red meat to high red-meat consumers.

Total ecological footprint of consumption per person

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
1.5
global ha/capita
2019

Total ecological footprint of production per person

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts
1.5
global ha/capita
2019

Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity (%)

OutcomesFood security
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity as a likely challenge area for South Sudan. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Focus cash transfer, voucher and food delivery programmes on increasing the availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and limiting the appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and reduce the affordability and appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to low-income populations with access to the programmes.

Infants and children (6-23 months): Minimum meal frequency

OutcomesInfant and young child feeding practices
10
%
2010

Anemia in women 15-49 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Overweight in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Stunting in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Stunting in children under 5 years as a likely challenge area for South Sudan. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Focus cash transfer, voucher and food delivery programmes on increasing the availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and limiting the appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and reduce the affordability and appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to low-income populations with access to the programmes.
Action
Implement comprehensive school food programmes, incorporating food and meals, nutrition standards, nutrition education, school gardens, food personnel training, food skills and literacy.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and access of nutritious foods and reduce access to foods high in fats, sugars and salt to school-aged children.

Wasting in children under 5 years (%)

OutcomesNutritional status
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Recommended Policies and Actions

We’ve identified Wasting in children under 5 years as a likely challenge area for South Sudan. The following policies and actions are recommended to improve this outcome. Read about our methodology for identifying these action and policy suggestions.
Action
Focus cash transfer, voucher and food delivery programmes on increasing the availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and limiting the appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and reduce the affordability and appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to low-income populations with access to the programmes.
Action
Implement comprehensive school food programmes, incorporating food and meals, nutrition standards, nutrition education, school gardens, food personnel training, food skills and literacy.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and access of nutritious foods and reduce access to foods high in fats, sugars and salt to school-aged children.

All Suggested Policies and Actions

We’ve identified the following policies and actions that might address issues with the food system of South Sudan.

Action
Support the production and consumption of nutritious indigenous crops through agrobiodiverse cropping systems, agricultural extension, breeding programmes, subsidies, land tenure rights, regulatory protection, market development and public awareness.
Impact
Increase availability and appeal of nutritious foods to producer households and all other populations.
Action
Research and develop alternative proteins sources and share the research in the public domain.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of alternative micronutrient-rich protein sources and reduce appeal of red meat to high red-meat consumers.
Action
Focus cash transfer, voucher and food delivery programmes on increasing the availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and limiting the appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and appeal of nutritious foods and reduce the affordability and appeal of foods high in fats, sugars and salt to low-income populations with access to the programmes.
Action
Implement comprehensive school food programmes, incorporating food and meals, nutrition standards, nutrition education, school gardens, food personnel training, food skills and literacy.
Impact
Increase availability, affordability and access of nutritious foods and reduce access to foods high in fats, sugars and salt to school-aged children.