Assessing Food Systems Performance
Food Supply Chains
Production systems and input supply
Storage and distribution
Cereal losses
Fruit losses
Vegetable losses
Pulse losses
Food Environments
Food availability
Dietary energy in the food supply
Share of dietary energy from cereals, roots, and tubers
Supply of fruit
Supply of vegetables
Supply of pulses
Food affordability
Cost of an energy sufficient diet
Cost of a healthy diet relative to the cost of sufficient energy from starchy staples
Affordability of a healthy diet: ratio of cost to food expenditures
Percent of the population unable to afford a healthy diet
Cost of legumes, nuts, and seeds relative to the starchy staples in a least-cost healthy diet
Cost of fruits and vegetables relative to starchy staples in a least cost healthy diet
Product properties
Environmental impacts
Total ecological footprint of food production per person
Total ecological footprint of food consumption per person
Greenhouse gas emissions of food consumption per person
Biodiversity impact of food consumption per person
Water use linked to food consumption per person
Eutrophication of food consumption per person
Agricultural land change during the last 10 years
Food security
Prevalence of undernourishment
Percent of the population experiencing moderate or severe food insecurity
Infant and young child feeding practices
Children (6-23 months): Minimum dietary diversity
Children (6-23 months): Zero meat, fish, or egg consumption
Nutritional status
Adult obesity
Wasting in children under 5 years
Stunting in children under 5 years
Overweight and obesity in children under 5 years
Underweight in Women
Anemia in women
Noncommunicable diseases
Adult diabetes prevalence
Adult raised blood pressure
Unlikely Challenge Area
Potential Challenge Area
Likely Challenge Area
Missing Data



Gini index

DriversIncome growth and distribution

Annual population growth (%)

DriversPopulation growth and migration

Food Supply Chains

Average crop species richness

Food Supply ChainsProduction systems and input supply

Food Environments

Retail value (total sales) of packaged food sales per person (USD/capita)

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties

Retail value (total sales) of ultra-processed foods per person (current (nominal) US$/ capita/year)

Food EnvironmentsProduct properties

Number of supermarkets per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties

Number of modern grocery retailers per 100,000 population

Food EnvironmentsVendor properties

Individual Factors

Final consumption expenditure per capita (constant 2017 international dollars/capita)

Individual FactorsEconomic

Cross-Cutting Issues


Average proportion of natural vegetation embedded in agricultural lands

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts

Soil biodiversity threats index

OutcomesEnvironmental impacts